# Vertical Transformations

Vertical Transformations are one of the most simple types of transformations. All we are doing to the graph of , then if we wanted to shift the graph up by 5 units, we would plot .

*f*is shifting each*y*value up or down by*c*units. To do this, we quite literally add*c*to*y*, giving us*y+c*. So if*y*is a function of*x*, say## New Resources

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